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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  October 8, 2015 3:00am-5:01am EDT

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capability, is it legal, i knew that whatever action i took it would provoke at least debate. my job is quite simple, ultimately it is to decide and the choice i basis this act or stall and an innocent people could be killed.
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another subject of protecting our country from terrorism. let me say this, thousands of words have been written but the only thing you need to know is one thing, the the check tragedy of almost 3000 people murdered, the tragedies the moms and dads who never came home from work that day, the tragedy of people jumping from the towers, my friends we cannot let that man, osama bin laden, threaten on this country that we love. [applause].
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when a refugee crisis impacts our world. like most people i find the image of that poor syrian boy has not left my mind. our responsibility is to help those with their lives. so to that we must keep our heads. let's keep it simple fact, 1 million people have been made homeless by the conflict in syria. if we opened the door to every
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refugee the best thing you can do is help neighbors, syrian people with refugees. and then we do take refugees taken from the region. that encourages a dangerous but lethal journey. we have to's not stop caring about syrians. then any other country we have helped that country more than any other country on earth except for the united states. [applause]. we have been able to do that because we made a promise and kept a promise to send part of our national income in a.
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others made that but they didn't keep that. i say if britain can keep their promises, so should you. [applause]. the real answer, of the refugee crisis to places where people actually want to live, that that means having a government, not terrorizing people, in its place we need a government that could defeat isil. we never be safe until we eradicate. some people think we can contract, we shouldn't. we must do our part to. we can because of our commitment we made the summer, we will spend 2% of our our gdp this
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year, next year, and throughout the next decade. [applause]. in the coming years will be launching in our history, a new class, we'll have apache helicopters, because our independent nuclear insurance policy this government will persevere. [applause]. now government having great to help people at home and abroad.
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above all to see how britain's armed forces. in the last year loan they have attacked in west africa, protected, they built the fences against isis, they patrolled the seas, there in the pacific, then they were in the atlantic and then they were at the med. with armed forces like that, we can be greater still. [applause].
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a greater britain that is strong, that should be strong in europe too. comes back to the conservative values. a belief in the conservative state. we all know what is wrong with the eu, it's too big, too bossy, but we also know what's right about it. it's the biggest in the world. some people say take what we have got, others say walk away from the whole thing. i say no. this is britain. we don't duck a fight. that is how we kept our border checkpoints and others decided
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to take it down. it is because we do things at our roof way, it's not just what we get europe out of, it's what we get europe into. if you think that the deal with america could be the biggest radial in history. it was britain, we did. i have i am interested in two things,. that is why i'm going to fight so hard so we can get the best deal, and get get the best of both worlds. let me give you an example.
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we're told it was about going into a common area, the goal some had let's look at this clearly. britain is not interested in closing the union. [applause]. today it is an uncertain world. investments going into our country more than anyone else in the world. if anyone thinks the battle on the economy they need to think again. the battle has only just begun. we still need to become more
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competitive for our whole country and build that northern powerhouse. at a time when our opponents have given up any sensible, reasonable, rational argument. we live in a country where it the main, let's not forget it in terms of government, institute jacking up taxes, there is an epidemic called britain perfect. he's the man behind that plan. he gave an interview a few weeks ago and he admitted that labor plan is a sterling crisis. he said afterwards, i quote.
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he written a book called the joy of tax. i've read it. it has 64 positions and none of them work. [applause]. this is actually very serious. in growing our economy this has never been more vital. nothing less than every single family in our country, as we do that, i know it's not just british business.
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[applause]. what makes me most angry about labor, is not just the argument, these deficits, who gets hurt when government, interest rates go through the roof. who gets hurt when you waste money on debt and then you have to cut debt. who gets hurt, businesses start firing people. it's not not the rich, it's poor people. let's just remember labor ideas don't help the poor, they hurt the port. they are not for working people.
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if you want to lecture about poverty. [applause]. is another argument, we also need to win, there are some people that understand the deficit needs to turn but don't know why we need a surplus. i will tell you why, i will stand here like the prime minister, remember him, we should be thinking about the
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rainy days, put something aside, take out insurance, pay some mortgage when you have some to pay back. that is what we should do. making sure we are ready to deal with future crisis. for those labor people who say work for today, get us tax break for tomorrow, stop it. i am here to ensure that our children have a future. [applause]. for me there is one big piece of unfinished business in our economy, a greater britain must mean owning a home of our own. it goes back to reward for hard work.
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it's not just enough to have a roof over your head, i i want you to have a roof of your own. in the past year thousands of new homes have been built. in our manifesto we have a policy extending the rights of home association for tenants. house association, the legislation would never pass, let me tell you we have secured a deal with the housing association for the right to buy the home. that will mean people will be able to buy their home next year. over 1 million people the chance to become home owners. [applause].
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challenge is far begun. we have a generation of hard-working people, we're waking up each morning, that should be a wake-up call for us. we need massive national thing for homes to be built. in all of these things i'm going to be working and i hope soon to be on there. [applause]. today i want to single someone out. he served this party and has a huge amount or to come. let's hear for the man who fought to terms, mayor of the
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great city. [applause]. those a great beach boris. fabulous speech. i was a hooker, and by the way that is a factual statement statement not a chapter of my book. [applause]. increasing homeownership is
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something else. we have been talking about building what they thought portable homes in ways it was deceptive. it basically meant homes were available to rent. not homes they would actually own. think about it to prepare the plans for the homes, most of these people on the homes they live in. what do others want, home of their own. [applause]. so today i can announce a dramatic shift in housing policy, the old rules of developers who build only if you build affordable homes for rent, replacing it with new rules. you can build here and the home
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can be available to buy. our party, the conservative party, the party the party for homeownership in britain today. [applause]. a more prosperous britain. we must not stop there as we build a greater britain. first economic success it is the foundation of which were built a better society. there'll never be some grand notion of hiding, but a deep which says you make a country greater and today that means entering a no go zone.
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where politicians dare to venture. it means looking at the extreme opportunity. so when you look at a newborn baby, the most precious scene, she knows she can. when a schoolgirl sits in a classroom and someone will take her to the very top. when immigrants are loyal to this country his country. that is what fires me up. people. to those who say social problems are too big and there's no way to support them, i said who said our party wouldn't change and we did. we set our economic plan wouldn't work when it did. who said we went win an election
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and we did. we will take on these issues. [applause]. central to that is an all-out assault on poverty. conservatives are serious about solving the problem. we we need to tackle some root problem. homes, addiction, millet and mental health, abuse, family breakdown. today someone is more likely to own a smart phone than having a debit with them. think of your own child, think of the day they were born. how they were, and then today
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babies are born in britain addicted to heroin. you have to get to grip with this issue but we made a start this last five years. the majority turned around the lives of over 100,000 addicts. it was simple, get the addicts a job because we know one way out of poverty is to work. we help create two and half million jobs. it's not enough to just have a job work has to mean something. but for some work hasn't worked. for next year we will take a giant leap forward.
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9 pounds an hour by the end of the decade. work pain for millions of people in our country. work hard, you want to get on, the party to do that is the party right here in this room. [applause]. been out of work is only one symptom. children, eight out of ten leave school without, and tragically caregivers are more likely to
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commit suicide than anyone else. children in our care, we the state, what are we setting them up for. an early grave, i tell you we will put it right. just as we said, failing schools, do better or we will send new leaders said to improve or be taken over. [applause]. just as we have the best graduates and teachers, we need to get our best and brightest to the front line. we must also start of needing to
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care. our adoption bill will help increase it further. let us think of all those children desperate for a family, all all the families desperate for a child, we are the ones who can bring them together. [applause]. another service run by the state , failed in the trenches publicly. i believe if you committed a crime punishment must follow. when it's a serious crime punishment must mean prison. the system is still not working
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met our bill being release, some and get on with locations and come out with none. drug addiction, mental health problems, we have not to get away from the debate. we have to get smart about this. they often said we have their full attention so educate them and put them to work. we can make sure they're working we are spending money keeping them in the cell so where make sense let's use them. when our prisons are relics it
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is time to sell them off to something that actually works. [applause]. this is going to be a big area of social reform in the next five years. the man who takes on every vested interest and gives everyone. the man who began and will do the same for prisoners, michael go. [applause]. we need it tackle the problems of poverty we can make our country great. another big social problem, the lack of social mobility.
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unable to rise from the bottom to the top or even the middle to the top. britain has the lowest social mobility in the developing countries. here it is more linked to what your father got paid, i'm sorry for us the conservative's, cannot accept that. we know the springboard to opportunity, our children studying math and science, learning computing and engineering, competent to build character, last year 53 of the university, 52 were ever to do so. that's i'm so passionate about
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academies are raising the aspiration of children, parents, communities. my next in mission is this, every school and economy and local, make them a thing of the past. [applause]. let's be honest, too many people even a good education is not enough. there are other barriers that stand in the way. think of this you graduate with a good degree, but you get rejection after rejection, what's wrong?
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it's not your previous experience, stewards at the top, first name, last name. for our country today having the same qualification people with white sounding names are more likely to get called back then people with ethnic names. this is a true story. one woman changed her name to elizabeth, and the 21st century britain. [applause]. we can talk all we like the opportunity but it is meaningless unless people are judged. opportunity doesn't mean much if
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it walks down the street, opportunity doesn't mean much to a black person if there stopped by police because of the color of their skin. it doesn't mean much to a gary person reinjected over by the person they love. it doesn't mean much to something they're good at. i am the son of, father of two daughters who they could grow up and get paid less because of their gender and not because of if they know less. [applause]. the point is this, you can have true opportunity and i want our party to get this right. it is the party of the fair
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chance, the party of equal chance, the party that doesn't care where you come from but where you are going. i want to end discrimination, finish the fight, put, put real policy into our country today. [applause]. tackling the causes of poverty and real opportunity, and big social reform in our mission. to rebuild, we need to confront and i mean really confront.
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when i read what some kids brought up this country are doing it makes me sick. girls not much older than my oldest daughter straight a and are in life with isil. boys who could do anything they want to in britain instead ending up in the desert. this ideology has become a tepid dominic infecting the minds. here's what we need to do, pair up that the muslims who will who
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is isil murdering more than anyone else? they want to get away with the politics anymore. [applause]. take on extremism in all its forms. people don't become terrorists from standing up, it begins with a preacher telling them that christians and muslims can't live together. it progresses to a website and before you know it a young british boy, early 17 bombs his body and kills people. we have
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have to stop this instead of letting it grow. we need to tackle segregation. there parts today where you can get by without ever speaking english, you will see some institutions that say this not to aid its division. some children, there is nothing wrong with children learning about their faith but in some addresses we have children been taught that they should not mix of people of other religions. these children should be having their mind open, not having
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their heads filled with poison in their hearts with hate. [applause]. i can announce this today, institution teaching children intensively and we will like any other school make it so can be inspected. if you are teaching and tolerance we will shut you down. [applause]. this goes to a wider truth we are so frightened of causing offense that we don't look at what is going on in our community.
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i will tell you where it leads children, british children, but a pakistan in summer holidays they want to marry a man they never met. it means children, six children are labeled in the back street of britain. this turns into a less integrated country, puts puts our children in danger, it is unforgivable. so no more intolerance and britain. [applause]. >> ..
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>> >> that's why we have a british history lesson that school to bring different people together. that is right. our way, the conservative way. [applause] >> if you believe in strong
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defense and few others -- to understand the that is possible if you believe we could become the enterprise capital of the world. if you want us to be the generation is never too late. this is possibly my last election labor is a gate i
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am 100% for a united kingdom. [applause] i believe we can make this era a defining decade for our country one that people will look back to say when people no longer felt the current we can be that great britain. nothing is written repros that in school end said the problems of our society that
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we have to read highlife a struggle. that means go out to do the same thing all over the weekend to be treated differently. but we need to have millions of these individual success stories. in great britain they are raised expectations employees because of employers. eva with a bigger e. connor with extremism a greater britain no longer are they held back. or the noses of the children pressed to the window as the world moves ahead. and to reach new heights.
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but greater chances and greater security. we will make it happen. [applause] ♪ ♪ ♪
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♪ >> this monday, on c-span's new series "landmark cases," in 1830
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tread scott was enslaved to an army sergeant. during his enlistment, he wasn't signed to duties in several free states, during which dred scott married harriet robinson. he tried to buy his family's freedom from the widow when he he died but she refused and he said. c-span's newse in series, "landmark cases: historic supreme court decisions," with special guests. we will explore this historic supreme court ruling by revealing the life and times of the people who were the plaintiffs, lawyers, and justices. landmark cases, life monday and 9:00 p.m. eastern. be sure to join the conversation as we take your calls and comments during the program, using the hashtag #landmarkcases. and for background on each case, order your copy of "landmark
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cases" companion book, available for eight dollars 95 at c-span.org/landmarkcases. >> at a campaign stop in manchester, new hampshire, hillary clinton talked about the mass shooting at an oregon community college and outlined her proposals for stricter gun regulations, including background checks on private gun sales. spoke at manchester community college -- this is just over an hour.
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>> ok. first of all, i want to thank you all for your patience. all of you have manifested that virtue, so thank you very much. i appreciate it. the 28th senate districts, so if you are voting,
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always think of lou dela sandra. here today to are listen to a woman who has every credential possible, to leave this country as we move forward. we have a woman who is not afraid to talk about guns and he was not afraid to address the issue head-on. you are in a community college today. we know what happened in the community college in oregon. we know, with great sadness, that those who pass away passed away for no reason at all. none whatsoever. we have a woman who has within herself the ability to make a difference. [applause]
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indeed, you are going to have an opportunity to vote for her in the new hampshire primary and in the general election. [applause] so without further a do, i'm ,oing to introduce aaron kerwin a woman who lives here and has two children, a sociology major, social worker, didn't pay a lot but she loved it. because she was taking care of people, and really, isn't that what life is all about? we have to take care of people. we take care of people, they take care of us, the country is better off. so without any further do, erin kerwin. [applause] ms. kerwin: hello.
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i am going to have to cheat a little -- my name is erin ke rwin and i'm the mother of two children. i have the honor of introducing hillary clinton today. like many people, i live in manchester in a home three miles away from where we are. ands a beautiful community, in another time, we could have post in a norman rockwell painting. for me, the devastating consequences of gun violence have always been a concern. in what feels like a past life, i was a social worker, and i handled mostly t domestic violence and sexual assault. what struck me over and over was the immediacy of gun violence. when guns injure a conflict there is no chance to reconsider, it is just over. watching the assault weapon ban expire in 2004, i could not understand why we couldn't make progress or enact policies to prevent gun violence and death
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from guns. last month, everything changed for our family. a woman not so different from myself or anyone else in our neighborhood was shot and killed on my street. it was a sunday evening, and there was no explanation for the killing. my first thought went to my kids. too wiggly is a bit to be here today, is in first grade, and elinor is my fourth grader. the night before the shooting, our neighborhood had a cookout on the street, and all our kids were running around playing hide and seek through the neighborhood well into the night. what a difference 24 hours might have made for us. my heart breaks for her family every time i think of it. gunou are a parent, violence prevention has to be an issue for you. [applause] ms. kerwin: if you are a
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husband, a brother, the sister, a wife, gun violence prevention has to be an issue for you. [applause] ms. kerwin: from oregon to south carolina and everywhere in between, gun violence is leaving families struggling with unimaginable grief and loss. as a nation, we can do better. i think that if we elect the right person, this is a fight that we can win, and i think hillary clinton is a person who can win that fight for us. [cheering] ms. kerwin: she has the tenacity to tackle gun violence, and she never gives up. she has a record of achieving results. so please join me in this fight
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and join me in welcoming our next president, hillary clinton. [cheering] hillary clinton: thank you, thank you very much. i'm delighted and honored to be here. lou dela sandra has been a friend of mine for a long time, and a senator revisiting this district. i think him very much for his support and his friendship.
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[applause] clinton: i want to thank erin and eleanor for being with us. erin's story is unfortunately way too common. we are here on the campus of a wonderful community college, there much like the one in oregon. where young people were going to school, and some not so young. the victims i read are between 18 years old and 67 years old. people attending classes and improving their skills, teaching, learning, thinking about the future. which was so ended, senselessly, tragically. on that very same day that those people were killed in oregon, a five-month-old baby strapped into her car seat in the back of a car was killed by a stray
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bullet in cleveland. the third baby in just a few months to be murdered in cleveland. between 88 and 92 people a day are killed by guns in america. the last figures we have for a whole year is more than 33,000. it is the leading cause of death for young african-american men, the second leading cause for young hispanic men, the fourth leading cause for young white men. this epidemic of gun violence knows no boundaries. it knows no limits. and when this happens, people are quick to say that they offer their thoughts and prayers. that is not enough. how many people have to die before we actually act?
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before we come together as a nation. [applause] hillary clinton: you know, on the republican side, mr. trump was asked about it and said something like you know, things like that happen in the world. governor bush said yeah, stuff happens. no. that is an admission of defeat and surrender. to a problem that is killing 33,000 americans. it is time for us to say wait a minute, we are better than this. our country is better than this. and their steps we can take -- [applause] hillary clinton -- that improve
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gun safety and further the prevention of violence by guns. and today, i am supposing -- proposing what i consider to be common sense approaches. a majority of americans support universal background checks. in fact, a majority of gun owners support universal background checks. we had a bipartisan bill that didn't make it through the senate. but we need to go back and, with all of our hearts, working not just in washington, but from a grassroots up, demand that we have universal background checks. and we have to also -- [applause] hillary clinton: we have to close the loopholes. you know, we've got what is called the gun show loophole, and we've got what's now being
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called the charleston loophole. when the brady bill was passed, which wasn't easy, as you recall, but it did pass. exceptions were made for gun shows, and then later, it was extended to include online sales. 40% of guns are sold at gun shows, online sales. we need to close that loophole. so that when we have a universal background check -- [applause] hillary clinton: it will cover everybody. another loophole is what happened when the young man who murdered the nine people at bible study, in the church basement in charleston -- applied for a gun. the loopholes that they don't get the background check done in three days, you can still go by the gun. it turns out he had a criminal
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background, and you know how record-keeping is. people will start -- were still searching for a. of the end of three days, he goes and buys a gun, as we don't yet had it -- had an automated enough, we don't have information shared from all levels of government. and he got his gun. and was determined to go and use it to kill nine innocent people. we also must address the very serious problem of military style weapons on our streets. [applause] is
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somebody has an automatic weapon or even worse an assault weapon that is a military instrument of war and you're somehow supposed to be able to stop that with your own gun, that has never made any sense. we have got to keep guns out of the hands of people who should not have them. i remember the terrible massacre at virginia tech the shooter there had been
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involuntarily committed and there was no record of it. and if there is information about people who are felons, who are suffering from serious mental illness who are domestic abusers we have to get that information into the record keeping so that the universal background checks will actually show you that here's somebody who shouldn't have it. some people say to me well does this really work? i can tell you this. the best data that we have is that since the brady bill implemented background checks more than 2.4 million people have been stopped from buying a gun and over 1 million of those were felons. so there were records of those articular potential purchasers . and i want to work with all of you. i want to work with sensible
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gun safety advocates as well as gun owners. i want to work with people from the grassroots up all the way to washington. because how much longer will we just shrug, oh, my gosh, somebody else terrible happened, whether it's in your neighborhood errand or at a community college? the murder of children in their classrooms. we're going to go to the townhall portion of this. but i want to ask one of the mothers from sandy hook if you wouldn't mind to just come join me for a minute. because i want you to hear from her because so many of the rents --
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[applause] you know, so many of the parents of these precious hildren who were murdered have taken the unimaginable grief that they have been bearing and have tried to be the voices that we need to hear. and i want you to introduce yourself and maybe talk about what you and other parents are trying to do to get the changes that are necessary. >> thank you so much. my name is nick cole. i'm the managing director at sandy hook promise and also the mother of dillon who was six when he was killed at sandy hook elementary school. gun violence prevention was nowhere on my radar before
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losing my son. and i wish it had been and i wish i had done something long before i thought something that could never hit my community hit me. as part of sandy hook promise we focus very much on gun safety legislation and the common-sense practices that you're speaking of. so thank you so much for taking this on and speaking out. we also very much focus on what can we do to get ahead of the violence, get upstream of it and help identify and intervene, help people learn how to know the sipes of someone who is at risk and get help before they even get to the state of picking up a weapon to hurt someone else. i think it's a common-sense solution that is needed between gun access and responsibility as well as mental health and wellness. and working together with all
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the other organizations and all the other people as well as yourself. i have absolute faith that we can deliver the solution and protect children across america. [applause] >> i think what you just heard really reinforces how nobody knows what might happen. because we haven't done what we need to do to try to make any of us but particularly our children safe. so that is what is behind the proposals that i'm making. they're not new.
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there's nothing unique about them other than the fact that i am so determined we are going to do everything we possibly and -- so i is gun know there are a lot of people here. we have a big group from moms to manned action and some dads as well. and i want to commend them because they are a grassroots organization that is really trying to bring these issues to the public attention and we need more of that. i said we need a movement. hat people really will be part of no matter what other issue is on your minds that you care about. our safety. the great hope that of no matter what other issue w protect people who are going about their daily business
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should be at the top and therefore i'm really asking everybody regardless of politics or partisanship or candidates or anything else to think of the way that is each of us can do more to try to provide that measure of gun safety that will save lives and prevent violence. so let me start by asking people if you want to say something or you have a comment to make on this or any issue. i would like to start with this issue because i know there are people here specifically on this issue. and i want to be sure to hear from them. former congressman dick sweat. hi. how are you? >> it's twoufl have you here and it's always a pleasure to be with my good friends, the clintons. i want to give everybody just a little bit of a background or
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our relationship with regard to guns. in 1994 i voted in favor of a crime bill that had in it an assault weapons ban for 17 assault weapons nearly 800 weapons that were on the street. i'm not looking for any attention but i received the prior to that vote that i thought would be worth sharing with the people here. i shared it with hillary earlier. it's a letter from ronald reagan and it's dated may 5, 1994 and it's written to congressman dick sweat. he writes -- dear dick. here's a copy of the letter so i'm reading off of his own handwriting. dear dick, fred ryan told me of your conversation and i know you are thinking very carefully about the pending assault weapons bill. as a long time gun owner and supporter of the right to bear arms i too have carefully thought about this issue. i'm convinced about the limitation combs posed in this bill are absolutely necessary.
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i know there is a heavy pressure on you to go the other way but i strongly urge you to join me in supporting this bill. it must be passed. incerely, ronald reagan. [applause] i have watched hillary and her husband bill work with people from both sides of the aisle for nearly 30 years. she is someone who is going to solve this problem. she is going to be a leader who will make this problem ultimately go away. i have every confidence that as our president hillary you will be able to tackle this problem that we began trying to tackle back in the 1990s. and i am so grateful for your leadership and i look forward to supporting you in the upcoming elections. thank you very much. >> thank you. thank you very much.
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well, we have a lot to talk bout, that's for sure. this gentleman in the green shirt. in order to >> thank you. we are all the way from rizona, i grew up in tucson, arizona. i am a gun owner and the support of the second amendment. but i couldn't give you more credit that we need to deal with the wrong people getting guns. especially with mental illness. as you know, in tucson, we had a person who had all kinds of trouble and was able to buy a gun, as you said, virginia tech, louisiana, that person had been committed. auto from a gun owner, from a red state, and a person who owns guns, more power to you.
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hillary clinton: thank you. thank you. yes, the lady right here. here comes the microphone. >> thanks for picking on me. i have a question about the cdc, and research that was cut off early in the 90's by the republican party. i think that if you can bring that back, if we could convince legislature to fund research into gun violence, what causes it -- i think we're hitting a lot of marks with that because we are getting mental health issues, we are getting what role guns play, how quickly people can off someone with a gun when they want to. if we can just analyze that data, i think we will be a lot better place. hillary clinton: i agree with you. what she is referring to is that the centers for disease control is responsible for looking at public health
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issues. if there is dirty water that is making people sick, we are expecting them to tell us what to do to prevent that. so, they were researching gun and violence and trying to figure out who is more likely to commit's violence? what kinds of warning signs might there be? and for very sad reasons, basically, you're right. the republicans stopped the research. it even goes further than that. there is a law in florida -- i want you to hear this because it was so shocking at first that i really didn't believe it. there is a law in florida that akes it a felony for a pediatrician to talk with families about being sure they keep guns safely away from children. literally, a doctor can go to jail in florida. if you are a pediatrician, and
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you are running through checklists, are you keeping the household poisons out of the wave your kids? especially if you have toddlers exploring everything. you make sure your sharp knives are kept away, are they high enough up so kids can't accidentally get them? it seems perfectly reasonable to me to say if you have guns in the house, are you sure they are really secure? because too many little kids get a hold of them. we read about it every week. they kill themselves, they kill their friends. i think it is a doctor's responsibility to try to work with the family so that the family can try and keep their babies safe. if you are in florida, you could go to jail. i want to make the argument and you will work towards the and will results that we can learn a lot more about what are the
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characteristics of people who should not have guns? in your as we were just hearing you r-arizona and or from the gentleman from arizona, as we and you are are learning you more, certainly what we know about the killer from sandy hook, now the killer from will and oregon, there probably were some comments, some actions that might have set off some will alarms and people. and you in people -- in people. but if we don't have the good information so that people can be better informed, how do we help them? i agree with you. no issue should be beyond study in america. that's like a denial of everything we believe in our country. hillary clinton: going along with that, so far as i know, the gun industry and gun sellers are the only business in america that is totally free of liability for their behavior.
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nobody else is given that mmunity. and that just illustrates the extremism that has taken over this debate. i was really struck when he was reading the letter from ronald in reagan. and the fact that when he was facing a very hard choice, which many people believe cost him his seat in congress, because he will voted for the crime bill which contained the brady bill, which led to the background checks, which led to more than 2 million people not getting guns who were felons or domestic abusers, or otherwise ineligible -- he paid a big price for that. and here's a letter from ronald reagan. in when the nra was on one of an their tirades, calling the is an alcohol tobacco and will are you as you you are firearms enforcers jackbooted you thugs, president george h.w. and bush
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resigned as an nra will member and said no, i'm not going to be associated with that. hillary clinton: ideally, what i would love to see is gun owners, responsible gun owners, form a different organization and take back the second amendment from these xtremists. hillary clinton: ok. thank you. this lady right there. here comes the microphone. >> i'm so glad to see you, mrs. you clinton. i know this is a big issue in the united states, but i'm from you afghanistan. i'm thinking about my country,
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every day, more than 200 or 300 people died over there. i want to know what your opinion after you become president of the united states, do you want to pull out all united states soldiers or are you thinking they are going to stay there? her we wanted them to stay there for afghanistan, for protection. will and you and i will i want to i will know your opinion about that. and in thank you. and hillary clinton: thank you. first, i want to say how distressed i am by the bombing of the hospital. in and i know that defense in secretary carter has said her there will be a full thorough investigation to try and get to the bottom of that. but it is deeply regrettable. it came within the context of and the taliban taking back over you go a city in the north, and to the door the afghan army, and he which has
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performed very bravely --and this is not an army the runs i and away. this is an army that stands in you will a lot of -- and fights. but they don't have the experience, they don't have a lot of the support that they need to be as successful as they are trying to be. i think that we have got to continue to work with the afghan government and the afghan military to support them. because they are fighting. it's a different story in other parts of the world, but they're in afghanistan, people are fighting for the gains that have been made in the last 13, 14 years. there still is a lot of conflict, there still is a lot of danger. but taliban is not going away. we know that. but there has been so many positive developments. number the number of girls and women in school, at work, studying in the united states, going home to try and help their country, businesses that are now able to operate now as opposed to being under the sum
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and for the -- under the thumb of the taliban and being forced to basically pay tribute all the time to the taliban -- or have been a lot of advances in health. afghanistan had the worst maternal mortality rate in the world, and things to help for not just the united states, but other countries, working with afghan doctors and nurses, mothers are surviving and childbirth. some of the things that are so basic, that are now so much better in afghanistan. i don't know the specifics of what i will be facing in january of 2017. but afghanistan is a country that has tried. and the people are really focused on getting beyond the violence in the extremism from the taliban. and i don't think we should just walk away. i will do what i can to elp. hillary clinton: here comes the
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microphone. >> my name is jeannie, i was born on belmont street right here in town. it is no longer the city i was raised in. a lot of that is because of drugs, and because of gun violence. in my question to you, hillary, and in if i can call you that -- hillary clinton: or you can a call me val. >> or val. y question is, last week a reporter asked dr. ben carson ne question. that question was, as president of the united states, what would you do in advance to assist the folks of a horrible events like letter hurricane joaquin.
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he kept a very short and to think or do -- succinct and his three word answer was -- i on't know. along with that, as you said last week, a reporter asked jeb bush what he thought about the tragedy in order on -- in organ -- in oregon. his response to that horrific tragedy was stuff happens. would like to know from you -- you explain to this audience and to the nation, why those would not have been your responses, and why, as president of the united states, you are ready to lead from day one. thank you.
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hillary clinton: let's take the natural disaster question first. because hurricane joaquin was on everyone's mind. thankfully, it didn't hit as hard as they feared, although south carolina is getting battered with terrible torrential rain. i think one of the most important decisions any new president has is who is going to run fema, and who is going to be prepared to work with cities, states, and the national government to get prepared for incoming natural disasters, to and get pre-positioned the equipments and the food and the experts that you are going to need to be able to help people. i will take that very seriously. looking for someone who has real, hands-on experience, not from 30,000 feet flying over
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it, very will but who has been there, who is had to go in and figure out what to do to help and people evacuate, what needed to be done to try to do i as much as possible to help will people save their homes, but not stay in their homes. there's just a lot of hard-won are wisdom. in because of climate change, we your are seeing an increased number of weather events. will all over the world, not just in our country. we need a mapping project. and will and i will give you a perfect example of why i will disagree so profoundly with the current republicans, we've heard the letter from ronald will you and reagan, i told you about president george h.w. bush. the current republicans in the i congress are trying to cut dramatically the money the federal government puts in to weather forecasting. to me, that is so penny wise, and pound foolish. a wide we have got to have the best possible weather forecasting. not only for agriculture and you will know, everyday occurrences, but also to get
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ahead of natural disasters and events like big storms. and you are more than i will a will appoint good people, i will look across the government to figure out what we need to do better so that we have excellent communication with states and local governments, and that we keep people well-informed, so they can make good decisions for themselves. and that we move really quickly to come in after something's or happened, because we can't will you and their stop the weather, we know that. but to be really ready to get in there to help the cleanup and the recovery. i think that people need to be empowered to help themselves to. i'm a little worried that are a sometimes the federal you and government has the you message of don't do anything will until we get there. that's not my message. help each other, help fix the you and problem, help work, take pictures and report things because people are afraid to do that because then they say i want to get some help from the
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disaster assistance funding, they are told we should have left it alone. no, you shouldn't leave it alone. should be out there helping your neighbors. everyone in the world has a cell phone. keep a record of it so when the federal government, fema, small business a administration, will others show up you can say here is what we had right after the storm, here is what we've been doing to clean up. here's what we spent on why is on your -- what we spend on plywood and boarding, and the big vacuums to clean up the dirt. i'm very hands-on, very practical, very let's get it done. hat's how i view that. hillary clinton: all my goodness. this young lady right there. >> thank you. i was going to say, it has nothing to do with the weather. by the time i go to college, what would you like united states to be like? hillary clinton: that's a great question.
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can i ask you how old you are right now? >> 10 years old. hillary clinton: so i have a ittle time, but not a lot. hillary clinton: first of all, i wanted to truly be the country we all love and cherish. and has given so much to everyone of us who is here in this room today. that still holds out that same promise to you, but if you work hard and you do your part, you will be able to get ahead, and stay ahead, and pursue your dreams. that's what i want for every young person in our country. that means we got to get the economy working better so it it produces more jobs with rising incomes, and i have a lot to say about that. but it's really critical, because i want you to feel like
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whatever you choose to do, you're going to be part of this great country of ours. i want the education system -- is that like it's working pretty well for you. i wanted to work for everybody. and particularly, starting with our youngest kids to get them off to a better start so that they can be successful in school. and i want college to be affordable for you, so we got to get the cost down. hillary clinton: i have outlined what i call the new college compact to do just that. i just don't want to see young people with ambition, talents, a good work ethic, not be able start school or finish school because it's too expensive. and they can't afford it. we have got to deal with that, and we've got to get the cost down so that people don't go into debt. i and i know that this is a problem in new hampshire. we have to refinance the death of people have so they can be
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more free to pursue their own interests, and they can actually move out of their parents homes and maybe rent or buy one. and get on with their lives. with health care, i want us to have more and more people who have insurance, so they have quality, affordable health care. i want us to deal with the big substance abuse epidemic, so that we begin to turn the tide on heroin and pills, and other addictions that are ruining peoples lives. and going back to the gun discussion, we have got to have more treatment for mental health, we have to figure out how to help more people get the treatment, assuming it is available. hillary clinton: i want the world to be safer, i want the world that you will become an adult in the still be led by the united states, because there is no alternative. the united states, if we don't lead, nobody leads. we have a vacuum. the vacuum is filled by a lot
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of bad actors, including terrorist groups who will take advantage of their neighbors and eventually even threaten us. and i want to protect our rights, our civil rights, human rights, gay rights, women's rights. i want to protect the rights of americans. hillary clinton: we have a lot of work to do. i can't possibly, even as president, do all of that. it has to be done by everybody working together. everybody standing up for the kind of country that we want to live in, that we want to see for our children. i'm a grandmother, as maybe you know. i will just say this. i am the granddaughter of a factory worker. my grandfather worked at this grand lease meals -- mills, and he did it to support his family and so his sons of have a better life. and they did.
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all three of his sons ended up going to college. my dad started a small business. it was really small, but it provided a good middle-class life for us. here i am, third-generation, asking all of you to elect a president. hat is the american story. i will do whatever i can, as will my husband, to help our granddaughter have the best possible life. but you know what, that's not enough. it's not enough. and that's what i want people to understand. you shouldn't have to be the granddaughter of a former president or secretary of state to believe you can fulfill your dreams in our country. you should be able to be the and granddaughter of a factory worker or the grandson of a truck driver and have that same opportunity. so every single day, i'm going to wake up in the white house and i'm going to say to myself, what am i going to do today to make sure every child in this
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country has a chance to live up to his or her god-given potential. that is my mission as president. hillary clinton: so many hands. right there. i will give you my microphone. >> good morning. thank you for taking my question. you are right. every day or every week we're hearing about children dying on the streets or in their schools at the hands of strangers with guns. we are also hearing about children dying in their homes by the hands of their caregivers. we are seeing child poverty continued to increase as children slept through the shredded safety net. and we're hearing from college professors and employers that young people are coming to them not ready to learn or prepared for 20% three jobs. -- four 21st century jobs. as president, what policies would you look to move forward in your first 100 days to protect our children, and prepare them for their future?
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hillary clinton: thank you. sadly, her question really points to what's been happening in our country, where over the last 10 years, because of the great recession, because of the huge loss of jobs and wealth that people had built up before 2007, 2008, poverty is on the increase. today, 51% of the children in our public schools are eligible for low or reduced cost or free lunches. and we were on a good pass, may -- we were on a good path, may i say, in the 90. -- 90's. we were on a good pass to lift more people out of poverty, and by lifting families out of poverty, you helped to lift children out of poverty. we are going to have to
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redouble our efforts, do all of that again. i give president obama enormous credit for taking us out of a deep ditch that he was in when the republicans left. there are a number of things we have to do. the top of the list is more jobs, raise them in wage so that people who work full time are -- raise the minimum wage so people who work full-time are not still living in poverty, and they can provide a better life for their children. more jobs in general, and there are a lot of great projects, we have a lot of roads and bridges and rail track and airports and ports and everything else in our country that is deteriorating, entities to be built up, you -- and it needs to be built up, maintained, so we are more competitive economically. that would put millions of people to work. and i think we can combat climate change by more clean energy jobs, which would be millions of jobs and businesses, if we shifted the
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incentives that are still in the tax code and other parts of our government for fossil fuels to wind and solar and advanced biofuels, we would be a head on the climate change front, and we would be putting people to work, and we are already seeing that in some parts of our country. we just need to do it all the way across. i think people who work for corporations should be able to share in the profits, not just the ceos, but everybody. up and down the line in those companies. very much like market basket, place you all know, because they now have profit-sharing for their employees. i think we need to do more to support small business, which creates 60% of the jobs in america. right now, we're behind in small business creation and growth. we used to be number one, we are now not even in the top 10. i want to do more and more credit, get rid of regulations and licensing in the barriers
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that stand in the way for people to start their business, like my dad did. and be able to provide a good middle-class life. and once we get the economy moving again, then we can turn our attention to how we can be good partners with families with children are at here are some of my thoughts, and i have worked in this area for a very long time. first and foremost, we have to keep them safe. and free from violence by strangers or those within their own homes and families. we also need to help kids who may not have the opportunities that many of our kids, and my grandchild has to get ahead, that means you have to have early childhood education. hillary clinton: it's not just a nice thing to do, if you don't prepare kids in their first five years, when they get to school, they will be behind.
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there will be an achievement gap. and then it's really hard for the kid in the family of the school to close that gap. i happen to think talent is everywhere. but i don't think opportunity is. i don't know what we're losing because we have poor kids who are not given a chance to really get off to a good start, whose brains are not being stimulated thin -- in the way that will help them get a vocabulary so that they can be successful in school. i think the early childhood peace of this is very important. health care is essential. i helped start the children's health insurance program back in the 90's to take care of 8 illion kids. hillary clinton: and that's why i find states that don't want to expand medicaid to be really missing the boat. we need to have people healthy. how can we have a competitive economy if they can't get their basic health needs met? that's particularly true for
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kids. my first job out of law school was with the children's defense fund. we would go into areas in the schools and kids couldn't see, we stopped having school nurses, we stopped testing their eyesight. i found out that i couldn't see in fourth-grade. because i didn't know i couldn't see very my mother would have taken me to find out, but i thought the world was a big impressionist painting. i just got up really close to the tv set. then we had and i examine school -- then we had an eye exam in school and i found out i really can't see. there are so many kids that are not getting those basic health needs met. that also holds them back. and then of course, once we are in school, i think we should start respecting teachers again who are actually in the classroom with the kids, and try to help them help the children. i literally could go on all day. i will just say one more
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thing. we now have a hunger problem again. a lot of us thought that was behind us. we have both a hunger and a nutrition problem. we have maybe not the kind of hunger that turns people into what is obviously physical malnutrition. but we don't have adequate nutrition in a lot of neighborhoods and communities, and we don't have a lot of families who understand how to best feed their kids, because what they can afford is not necessarily good for their kids. but it's affordable. you know we need to do more work on this to get back to where there isn't that sense of either hunger or poor nutrition i can really affect a child's developed. this is something i would do as president, but i would ask everybody to help me do, because there is work to be done in every community, ncluding manchester.
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the gentleman in the blue shirt. >> hello. i guess i'm wondering what we're going to do about mental health in this country? this come up so much with substance abuse to various shootings -- just the general state of our lack of funding for all of the service providers out there. i think this all happened after we de-institutionalized mental health, and we had a promise to fund it, but we never did. how are you going to change that? hillary clinton: you are absolutely right. some of you are member that. -- some of you remember that, right? back in the 1980's, we had a lot of debate over big institutions, where people were housed, but in many cases, they were warehoused. and the results of a lot of investigations which showed how people were not be adequately cared for was to shut down a
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lot of the institutions. at the same time, those who are worried about what would happen to people if there were no place for them were guaranteed we would have funding and timidity alternatives for mental health. so we shut down the institutions, by and large, and we never really invested what we should in mental health alternatives. that's going to be something that i push very hard. as you mentioned gun violence, which is something that is often directly related to mental health problems. the addiction issue, a lot of people with mental health challenges are self-medicating with alcohol and drugs. so than they have a dual problem that has to be addressed. i think as we move forward with the a affordable care act, we have to enforce the decision that was made, that people with physical health and mental health can get treatment.
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the right now, a lot of insurance companies, a lot of states, a lot of businesses are not providing the kind of support you need for mental health. when somebody is either convinced, or decides to seek mental health problems, they very often are told we have no place for you, come back in six weeks or three months, and who knows what will happen. you know where most people now who are presenting with mental health problems show up? they are in our jails in our prisons. it's understandable, because they are harm to themselves or to others. they often act out in a way that draws attention of law enforcement. and in most places in the country, there is nowhere else for them to go, so they are put in jail. and they may be held there for a long time.
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without any treatment, and in the end of in prison, they are still not getting adequate treatments. the other point i want to say about this is, because we have over prescribed painkillers, the opioids we have a lot of people who have gotten very addicted to them. and that creates a mental strain on top of whatever other problems you might have. and so we now have a lot of people who have to try and withdraw. and we have about 23 million people who are addicted in america. so when they go for help, only one in 10 can get it. see you got this real double whammy, people with mental health problems are getting -- are not getting help, people with addiction and substance abuse problems are not getting help, and you got to figure out how we take resources and treat both people simultaneously, because too often, they become interconnected. and then we have a real problem. i pledge to you, i'm going to do everything i can, more facilities, more trained people, more insurance coverage, more revenues. you can call on somebody, you now everybody.
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hillary clinton: that, and attention. he told me we only have time for more question. >> a man who lives next door to hear, his name is sanders, i think. he has an idea about sending kids to college for free, as he thinks they do in europe. it's not actually free, but you have a plan that would sort of make him back down a little bit on this? hillary clinton: i will speak for myself. he is clearly more than capable of speaking for himself. we're going to have a debate in about eight days, so we will have a chance to contrast. but if you are interested in this issue, and i think everybody is, how we get college more affordable, and how we refinance student debt -- go to my website, hillary
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clinton.com. it's called the new college compact, but very briefly, i do have a different approach. first of all, my approach is been, thankfully, endorsed by a lot of people because i think what it does is it addresses many aspects of this problem. first, we've got to get the cost of college down. colleges and universities have to quit raising tuition and costs on students and families. if all we do is to say we are going to have free college, but we don't really put pressure on the colleges and universities to lower the cost, you're going to continue to see costs going up, and then the cost of the quote free college will go up. that to me is unsustainable. first and foremost, i want colleges and universities looking at, and administrators they need, how many buildings they need, connie different courses are no longer really relevant.
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let's take a hard look at what we're doing on campus. yet those costs down so we can keep tuition down. secondly, i have said that the federal government -- i have a plan, $350 billion over 10 years. about $35 billion a year, where we would match for every dollar that the state would put in to making college more affordable for their students, we would match them for to one. they would have to agree on some of these changes the public colleges and universities to get the money. and then, if you choose a public college or university, i will make it possible for you to go without borrowing money for tuition, but i will expect something from you. like, for example, 10 hours of work week. i worked when i was in college, i worked when i was in law school. hillary clinton: i want young people to know that this is an important value. and yes, you have to work for it.
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but it will be for a public college or university, possible to not borrow money for tuition. for living expenses, i will make it possible for the pell grants to be used for living expenses. because what happens now is young people who get a pell grant, they often find it doesn't even cover tuition anymore. so we will deal with the tuition side on the public college and university. and then we will deal with the living expense side. if you do have to borrow money, it will be with a low interest rate. and i will forgive loans to people who do public service jobs after a period of time -- hillary clinton: so -- i have to tell you. i don't think college should be
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free for donald trump's children. think people who are well off should have to pay for college. i'm interested in the middle class, and working people, and poor kids who deserve to have a better shot at going to college and graduating. hillary clinton: i feel strongly that, when you already have to -- who has student debt still? oh, yeah. we have 40 million people in america was doing debt. what i want is to refinance all the student debt. because right now, if you have a home mortgage, or you're making car payments, you can refinance it. we for bid you from refinancing student debt. and at the event i did earlier in holland, a young woman way in the back who said her just
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rate is 12%. i want us to refinance it, i want to provide everybody the chance to pay back their loans as a percentage of their income. if you are a firefighter or school principal, or social worker, or a police officer -- whatever you are doing that you want to do, but you are not making a lot of money, you are not going to have to pay back at that high interest rate. you are going to be able to pay back at about 10% of your income. when i got out of law school i went to work for the children's defense fund, i didn't go to a big law firm, i went to work for a nonprofit because i wanted to work on behalf of kids. i was lucky enough that the university at that time offered me the chance to pay it back as a percentage. both bill and i had loans, and he was a law professor and i became a law professor. we were making $14,000, $17,000 a year. we were paying back our loans by what we can afford. i want this to be, as i say, a compact.
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where people do their part, obviously, young people how to do their part, families have to do what they can afford to do. colleges have to pitch in and get the costs down. and the federal government will partner with states. we've had this example of medicaid. if the state says no, we don't want to partner with the federal government, then i will write institutions like this one. i do want to me to colleges to -- i do want community colleges to be as inexpensive as possible, because it's an important step for a lot of young people to take. thank you all very much. [captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption contents and accuracy. visit ncicap.org
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>> this sunday night on q&a gary hart on his new book
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our current government to the republic he says our founders intended. >> the founders used the language of the ancient republic greece and rome and warned against corruption. quid ir definition of pro quo money under that table. it was putting special interests ahead of the common good. and by that definition washington today is a massively corrupt place. >> national institutes of health director and several institute directors testified about the nih budget at a senate hearing yesterday. they talked about areas of medical research most in need of additional funds. this is two hours.
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